Disarmament

The opening words of the the UN Charter express the determination "to save suceeding generations from the scourge of war". Since its establishement the UN has been an ongoing forum for disarmament negotiations and studies and the very first resolution of the General Assembly at its first meeting in 1946 ,1(I) addresses the concerns of nuclear danger and disarmament.

Both the General Assembly and the Security Council consider disarmament topics, in accordance with Articles 1126 and 47 of the UN Charter.

They have also created subsidiary bodies that focus on disarmament matters.

General Assembly and disarmament

The General Assembly considers all questions on international security and disarmament. The First Committee, one of the six Main Committees of the General Assembly, is allocated agenda items related to disarmament and international security. In recent years more than 60 resolutions on disarmament are passed annually. In addition, the General Assembly has held three special sessions on disarmament:

  1. 10th session (1978)
  2. 12th session (1982)
  3. 15th session (1988)

UN Disarmament Commission (UNDC)

The UN Disarmament Commission (UNDC), under the General Assembly, is composed of all UN members and meets annually to consider and make recommendations on various on problems in the field of disarmament and to make recommmendations to the General Assembly.

Conference on Disarmament (CD)

The Conference on Disarmament (CD) in Geneva, is the single international forum for negotiations of multilateral arms control and disarmament agreements. It has 66 members representing all areas of the world, including the five major nuclear-weapon states. It reports its activities to the General Assembly annually. It has successfully negotiated many important conventions on disarmament. The Conference's annual session is divided into three parts starting in January.

United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA)

The United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) serves as an advisory body to the Secretary-General. It promotes disarmament efforts and preventive measures, supports the implementation of disarmament conventions and practical measures after conflict and provides information on United Nations disarmament efforts.

Regional disarmament

Through its Regional Disarmament Branch UNODA oversees and coordinates three regional disarmament centres in

More on UN and disarmament

Documents and reports

Websites and research guides

UN documents and publications in catalogues and databases

  • United Nations Digital Library offers UN documents and open access publications, UN voting data and speeches, UN maps, Content in 6+ languages. Replaces the traditional online catalogue UNBISnet.
  • UN iLibrary UN publications online covering different topics.
  • ODS full-text UN documents published from 1993 onward and scanned documents published between 1946 and 1993 in the official languages of the UN.
  • Daily list of documents (ODS). Documents published for the day, with full text links, can be found in the United Nations full text database ODS.
  • Index to proceedings is an annual bibliographic guide to the proceedings and documentation of the major UN organs. The index includes:
    • a list of all documents
    • a comprehensive subject index
    • an index to speeches
    • a voting chart of resolutions
  • United Nations Documents Index (United Nations Digital Library) References to all documents by subject area are published. A collection of indexes is held by the Dag Hammarskjöld and Law Library, Uppsala, and the Libraries at UN Headquarters in New York and Geneva.