The International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established in 1993 according to Security Council resolution 827 for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. The Tribunal was located in the Hague.
The ICTR closed on 31 December 2017. The International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) maintains the website with all information, reports and documents as part of its mission to preserve and promote the legacy of the UN International Criminal Tribunals.
The ICTY was the first war crimes court created by the UN and the first international war crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals. It was established by the Security Council in accordance with Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
Composition of the Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
The Tribunal was composed of
- three Trial Chambers
- one Appeals Chamber (to be shared with the International Tribunal for Rwanda the Office of the Prosecutions)
- the Registry.
The Chambers consisted of 16 independent judges, who were citizens of different states. The judges were elected by the General Assembly from a list submitted by the Security Council, for a period of 4 years. In addition, there was a pool of 27 ad litem judges elected by the General Assembly.
The Appeals Chamber conducted investigations and presented prosecutions before the judges.
The Registry was responsible for administration and judicial support services.
Statute of the ICTY
The Statute of the ICTY defines the jurisdiction, organization and the functioning of the Tribunal. All UN member states are obliged to "cooperate fully" with the tribunal and "take any measures necessary under their domestic law" to comply with its demands.
More on UN and Former Yugoslavia
- International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Background information, full text documents and reports.
- The Tribunal reported annually (1996-2017) to the General Assembly and to the Security Council: the annual Report of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991.
- Cases. Documentation from all cases brought before the ICTY.
- The publication Judicial supplements is an important source of information about the activities of the Tribunal for the period 1999-2004.
- Press releases are available from 1994 onwards.
Key UN documents
UN documents and publications in catalogues and databases
- United Nations Digital Library offers UN documents and open access publications, UN voting data and speeches, UN maps, Content in 6+ languages. Replaces the traditional online catalogue UNBISnet.
- UN iLibrary UN publications online covering different topics.
- ODS full-text UN documents published from 1993 onward and scanned documents published between 1946 and 1993 in the official languages of the UN.
- Daily list of documents (ODS). Documents published for the day, with full text links, can be found in the United Nations full text database ODS.
- UNBIS Thesaurus a multilingual database of the controlled vocabulary used to describe UN documents.
- Index to proceedings is an annual bibliographic guide to the proceedings and documentation of the major UN organs. The index includes:
- a list of all documents
- a comprehensive subject index
- an index to speeches
- a voting chart of resolutions
- United Nations Documents Index (United Nations Digital Library) References to all documents by subject area are published. A collection of indexes is held by the Dag Hammarskjöld and Law Library, Uppsala, and the Libraries at UN Headquarters in New York and Geneva.
- All UN documents from 1993-.
- All resolutions of the Principal Organs from 1946-.
- All Security Council plenary documents from 1946- in English, French and Spanish.
- All supplements to the General Assembly Official Records (GAOR) from 1946-.
- All General Assembly plenary meeting records from 1946- in English, French and Spanish.
- Older documents are being scanned: status of digitization.